Applications of biomedical engineering in modern medicine
As the lines between science and technology blur, engineering and medical experts are working together to challenge convention and transform the way we diagnose, treat and improve our health. From smart prostheses that restore lost mobility to biocompatible implants that regenerate damaged tissue, biomedical engineering is making a real revolution in medicine.
Join us in this article to discover some of the most innovative applications of this discipline, which are forever changing the way we approach health and wellness challenges.
In the search for more effective solutions to restore functionality and improve the quality of life of patients, Biomedical Engineering has developed bioactive implants that represent a milestone in the field of regenerative medicine. Designed to interact harmoniously with the surrounding biological tissue, these implants were made possible by decades of research and innovation.
The concept of bioactive implants dates back to the 1960s, when scientists began exploring the possibility of creating materials that could fuse with human tissue and stimulate cell regeneration. Since then, the companies that pioneered the development of bioactive implants have done extensive research and achieved significant results in this field.
Companies such as Biomet, founded in 1977, have been leaders in the development of joint replacement solutions, such as hip and knee replacements, using bioactive materials and improved bone fixation techniques. Medtronic has also developed a broad range of biomedical products, including cardiac implants, neuromodulation, and devices for the treatment of chronic diseases.
As biomedical engineering continues to advance, bioactive implants are expected to continue to evolve, providing increasingly sophisticated and customized solutions to restore function and improve quality of life for patients around the world.
Advanced Medical Imaging:
Biomedical engineering has revolutionized the field of medical imaging, enabling detailed and accurate visualization of the internal structures of the human body. These advanced technologies have played a crucial role in early diagnosis, treatment planning and disease monitoring, thus significantly improving medical care.
The development of advanced medical imaging has been possible through the combination of engineering, physics and computer science. Some of the most important techniques are:
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): MRI uses strong magnets and radio waves to create detailed images of the body's organs and tissues. This non-invasive technique is particularly useful in the diagnosis of neurological, cardiac and musculoskeletal diseases, providing high resolution three-dimensional images.
Computed tomography (CT): CT uses x-rays and a computer to create cross-sectional images of the body. This technique allows for detailed visualization of organs, bones and blood vessels, facilitating the diagnosis and early diagnosis of diseases such as cancer, lung disorders and traumatic injuries.
Ultrasound: Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to create real-time images of organs and tissues in the body. This non-invasive technique is widely used in pregnancy monitoring, heart disease evaluation, abdominal disease diagnosis, and blood vessel study.
These advanced medical imaging technologies have been made possible by pioneering companies and research centers in the field. Some of the notable companies include Siemens Healthineers, General Electric Healthcare, and Philips Healthcare, which have fueled the development of cutting-edge medical imaging equipment and fostered research into new techniques and applications.
The body's ability to regenerate and repair damaged tissue has long been considered science fiction, until now. This incredible area of research combines principles of biology, tissue engineering and cell therapy to develop innovative and promising therapies. Some notable ones are:
Stem cell therapy: These cells, with their ability to differentiate into different cell types in the body, have enabled significant progress in the regeneration of damaged tissue, such as joint cartilage or heart tissue after a myocardial infarction.
3D bioprinting: allows you to create three-dimensional tissue structures using living cells and biomaterials. This technique has proven effective in creating artificial organs, such as skin and ears, and has enormous potential for regenerating complex tissue, such as the liver and heart.
Gene therapy: Gene therapy seeks to correct genetic disorders by introducing healthy genes into affected cells. It has shown promise in tissue and organ regeneration by stimulating the production of growth factors and the repair of DNA damage.
Organoids and mini-organs: Organoids are miniature structures that look like real organs and are created from stem cells or progenitor cells. These miniature models make it possible to study organ development and function, as well as to test drugs in a more precise and personalized way.
These advances in regenerative medicine are opening new doors for the treatment of chronic diseases, injuries and birth defects. While much remains to be discovered and perfected, many practitioners are involved in ensuring that regenerative medicine unlocks the potential to transform healthcare by delivering more effective, personalized therapies that can restore health and improve patients' quality of life. .
Research and breeding opportunities
If you feel inspired by these advances and want to play an active role in creating technology solutions for healthcare, consider pursuing an undergraduate degree in Biomedical Engineering, especially the Master of Biomedical Engineering - Mode of research.
With the opportunity to develop research in biomedical engineering, you will be able to contribute to the creation of technological solutions for the acquisition, processing and visualization of variables and images of biomedical interest, which will support healthcare and promote the progress of sector.
Furthermore, this postgraduate program is offered by EIA University, an institution with high quality institutional accreditation and social recognition for the excellence and quality of its graduates. You will have your own laboratories and the possibility of carrying out internships in national and international research centres, which will provide you with enriching experience and valuable connections in the field.
Postgraduate courses stand out as one of the best ways to keep up to date in an increasingly competitive and evolving job market. You will gain the necessary accreditations to distinguish yourself and compete in the health field, by making informed decisions that contribute to improving the performance, profitability and sustainability of healthcare organizations, by designing and managing the related healthcare and administrative processes and procedures with technology and clinical information.
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